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[cs_content][cs_section parallax=”false” separator_top_type=”none” separator_top_height=”50px” separator_top_angle_point=”50″ separator_bottom_type=”none” separator_bottom_height=”50px” separator_bottom_angle_point=”50″ style=”margin: 0px;padding: 5px 0px 0px;”][cs_row inner_container=”true” marginless_columns=”false” style=”margin: 0px auto;padding: 0px;”][cs_column fade=”false” fade_animation=”in” fade_animation_offset=”45px” fade_duration=”750″ type=”2/3″ style=”padding: 0px;”][cs_text class=”cs-ta-left”][x_custom_headline level=”h2″ looks_like=”h5″ accent=”false” class=”cs-ta-left”]Clay Tiles[/x_custom_headline][cs_text class=”cs-ta-left”]Clay tiles have been used in Neolithic China as early as 10,000 B.C.! Over time, Clay materials were ideal as a precaution against fires, which had engulfed London 1666 and charred Boston in 1679. The tiles had a hole for a peg or fastener, and would sometimes be held together by mortar to prevent heavy wind damage.

In Jamestown Virginia, many S-curved tiles were used for buildings. These dark roofing systems made low-slope applications possible. Among them was the asphalt shingle, which came around at the turn of the 20th century. Asphalt shingles continues to be the top roofing material for houses, and over time, this method evolved in form to the three-tab version that is popular today.[/cs_text][x_custom_headline level=”h2″ looks_like=”h5″ accent=”false” class=”cs-ta-left”]Slate Roofing[/x_custom_headline][cs_text class=”cs-ta-left”]Another practice settlers brought to the New World was slate roofing. However, because of the cost and time required to obtain the material, the use of slate was initially limited. Sources of native slate were known to exist along the eastern seaboard from Maine to Virginia, but the difficulties of inland transportation produced limited availability to the cities. Slate was mainly imported from Wales during the mid 17th century, and the welsh continued to import slate until the development of canals and railroads in the mid-19th century. This made American slate more accessible and economical.[/cs_text][x_custom_headline level=”h2″ looks_like=”h5″ accent=”false” class=”cs-ta-left”]Metal Roofing[/x_custom_headline][cs_text class=”cs-ta-left”]Before the 19th century, the commonly used metals were lead and copper. Originally lead was used for protective flashing, and along with copper, would cover roof surfaces. Copper covered more notable American roofs including the Christ Church in Philadelphia, between 1727-1744. Even the Pantheon, one of the few surviving buildings from the Roman age, had as a copper roof covering to this very day![/cs_text][x_custom_headline level=”h2″ looks_like=”h5″ accent=”false” class=”cs-ta-left”]Wooden Shingles[/x_custom_headline][cs_text class=”cs-ta-left”]Because trees were plentiful from the earliest settlement days, the use of wood for all aspects of construction was common. People within particular regions developed preferences for the local species of wood that most suited their purposes. However, the traditional method for making wooden shingles in the 17th and 18th centuries was to hand split them from log sections known as bolts. It wouldn’t be uncommon for a protective coating to be applied to the wood to help induce durability and preserve craftsmanship. The usage of wooden shingles declined in urban areas due to the concerns for city fires, but in less populated areas, wooden shingles thrived and clung well past modern advancements like metal.[/cs_text][cs_text class=”cs-ta-left”][cs_text class=”cs-ta-left”][cs_text class=”cs-ta-left”][cs_text class=”cs-ta-left”][/cs_column][cs_column fade=”false” fade_animation=”in” fade_animation_offset=”45px” fade_duration=”750″ type=”1/3″ style=”padding: 10px;”][x_widget_area sidebar=”sidebar-main” ][/cs_column][/cs_row][/cs_section][/cs_content]