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Ever wonder why basements tend to be more humid and are more likely to take on water than other areas of the house? Well, it’s because they’re located below grade or underneath the ground’s surface, and that’s just how water flows, thanks to gravity. For this reason, it’s not uncommon to notice floor drains located in the basement, but what exactly is their job, and how do they work? 


There are many types of drainage systems when it comes to home foundations and basements. Unlike exterior drain tiles or French interior drains, floor drains are almost always installed during the original construction of the home. They’re built so that the concrete floor immediately surrounding the drain slopes inward so that water can collect in the drain and be carried away from the house.

Most floor drains today direct water toward a collection pit where it is then pumped out to the surface of the property via a sump pump. This is different than lots of older homes where the floor drainage system connected directly to the main sewer system.


Most newer drains are made from PVC, while older drains were typically made from cast iron or clay tiles.


While floor drains are vital when it comes to collecting standing water from a variety of sources, whether it be a leaky water heater, a faulty air conditioner condensate line, or extensive rainwater, they are challenging to install in existing basements. Since the foundation and the concrete floor is already in place, it can be quite costly to break up the concrete to run a new line. With that said, basement floor drains are now considered standard in new construction, so you won’t have to pay an arm and a leg to have them installed. Better yet, if you’re living in a newer home, or are looking to purchase a newly built home, there’s probably one there already.

One additional con to note, however, is that floor drains will not do anything to prevent water from leaking through the ceiling or the walls.

Are you looking to upgrade your home? Have Questions? Call HEP Inc. at (865) 234-0501 and get started today! HEP Is On The Way!